Röschitz is a market town with 1044 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2019) in the east of the Horn district and on the western edge of the Weinviertel.
Röschitz is located in the western Weinviertel in Lower Austria. The area of the market town covers 21.17 square kilometers. 2.85 percent of the area is forested. In the cadastral parish of Kleinreinprechtsdorf, a grave with additional items was destroyed in the “Hollerberg” corridor in 1931. A subsequent excavation in 1932 uncovered another five graves – including a double burial – all from the Mid-Latène period (280 to 190/150 BC). According to the finder, there was a man in the destroyed grave, adorned with iron shoulder fibulae, a bracelet and a belt chain. An iron and glass bangle, two iron brooches and a belt chain were found in a woman’s grave. A second women’s grave contained a golden and iron spiral finger ring, as well as two fibulae and a belt chain with bronze eyelets. Presumable traces of trepanation can be seen on the skull. The other graves contained similar grave goods. These artifacts made the aforementioned dating possible. Another body grave was uncovered in 1938 in the local area. Röschitz was first mentioned in documents with the name “respice” in 1198. In 1514 the town was raised to the market, and 46 years later Röschitz received his own coat of arms from Emperor Ferdinand I. The market town was shaken several times by plague, the Thirty Years’ War (Sweden) and conflagration. In times of war, many found refuge in the so-called earthen stables. It is difficult to say when these earth stables were created, but it is believed that around 1000 to 1200 were dug by followers of pagan religions (Bavaria).
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