(Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; IPA: [tʰân fǒ hô tɕǐ mɨn]), formerly named and still also referred to as Saigon(Vietnamese: Sài Gòn; IPA: [sâj ɣɔ̂ŋ]), is the largest city in Vietnam.
Under the name Saigon, it was the capital of the French colony of Cochinchina and later of the independent republic of South Vietnam 1955–75. On 2 July 1976, Saigon merged with the surrounding Gia Định Province and was officially renamed Ho Chi Minh City after revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh (although the name Sài Gòn is still unofficially widely used). The metropolitan area, which consists of the Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area, Thủ Dầu Một, Biên Hòa, Vũng Tàu, Dĩ An, Thuận An and surrounding towns, is populated by more than 10 million people, making it the most populous metropolitan area in Vietnam. The city’s population is expected to grow to 13.9 million by 2025.
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